WMD Sanctions

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, in particular North Korea’s violations of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, is considered by many UN Member States as one of the most serious current threats to international peace and security.


In an effort to pragmatically explain the implementation and compliance requirements for the UN’s nonproliferation sanctions, CCSI with it partner CRDF is releasing multilanguage handbooks and holds interactive workshops in select world regions. In late November and early December events are taking place in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).

CCSI's comprehensive nonproliferation sanctions handbook for government implementation officials or corporate compliance experts will soon be reissued in an updated version.

Print versions are however still available from Amazon.

United Nations Non-Proliferation Regimes on Iran and North Korea – Practitioner’s Compliance Handbook

Print and e-book versions are available from Amazon and other booksellers around the world.

The book consists of 250 pages, in four illustrated sections, including ten typologies of sanctions violations, fourteen tables, twenty-two extensive diagrams and figures, and explains residual compliance obligations after the winding down of the Iran sanctions following the adoption of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

Arabic - English - French - Chinese - Russian - Spanish


Training and Advice

CCSI works with governments, companies and international organizations on increasing knowledge and skills in all aspects of sanctions policy making, implementation and compliance.


Typical topics for training include:

UN sanctions and the international conflict resolution architecture.
Institutional designs to enhance preparedness and sanctions compliance for preventing due diligence failures.
Sanctions, human rights and international humanitarian law
Preparation for Sanctions Committee Chairs, E10 delegations and staffs of all UN member states for their roles in the UN sanctions system.
Preparation for experts and consultants aspiring to appointments for monitoring mandates.

CCSI trainings are intended for :

Chairs of Sanctions Committees
Delegations of elected state members of the UN Security Council 
Staff of UN member states
Compliance officers of companies
Sessions are custom-tailored to the requirements of clients and are built on CCSI proprietary research and insights from independent practitioners, and subject matter experts. The training is complemented with neutral analysis and guidance unconstrained by institutional perquisites for other providers of training.

What are Sanctions?


Only UN sanctions represent the will of the international community. UN sanctions should not be confused with unilateral sanctions that often entail coercive policies analogous to economic warfare.

Unlike other sanctions UN sanctions serve as the international community’s primary non-violent tool to protect international peace and security. They help to protect against threat actors, prevent human rights abuses, and coerce those responsible for conflict to change their behavior.

According to our research, many UN sanctions have not helped to fulfil the UN’s primary mandate of protecting human welfare, and peace and security.

Too often sanctions are abused by major powers for their unilateral interests and purposes. Whereas unilateral sanctions often mimic UN measures, UN sanctions are a humanitarian response while unilateral sanctions are often a tool of economic warfare.

Infographic: UN Sanctions: A Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights

The results of overreach by major powers can have devastating consequences for the reputation of UN sanctions, and even worse for countries and the populations that are subject to unilateral coercive measures and UN sanctions. Countries that have suffered from misused UN sanctions include Haiti, Iraq, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kosovo, Liberia, Libya, North Korea, Rwanda, Southern Rhodesia, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Yemen, (former) Yugoslavia. Sanctions on Al Qaida/ISIL and the Taliban function as appendages to the global war on terrorism. Despite trillions of US Dollars and countless military deployments, terrorists have metastasized to tens of thousands of combatants who have spread into and attacked dozens of countries.

The mixed outcome of too many sanctions prove that sanctions should never be used in isolation from other policy efforts but rather, should be part of an overall conflict resolution effort. The stronger and the more united the political will for peace, the more likely conflicts or humanitarian crises can be prevented.

UN Sanctions: A Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights